Various Course Training Options To Get CPR Certified Are Available For First Aiders
People who get CPR certified can provide life-saving assistance to cardiac arrest patients. Over 90 percent of patients that suffer an unexpected cardiac arrest die before they reach hospital. This depressingly high proportion can be substantially lowered (that is, improved) if the patients receive cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) treatment immediately at the time of their attack. If applied right away, CPR can double and even triple the survival rate of cardiac arrest patients.
The basic objective of a cardio-pulmonary resuscitation course is to teach students (potential first responders) the knowledge and skills necessary to maintain the breathing and blood circulation in a patient following cardiac arrest, whether the patient is an adult, child or infant following cardiac arrest.
Where To Get CPR Certified Around the world
A large number of accredited training organizations provide the necessary competency-based instruction to get CPR certified. One of the leading providers is the International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement, more commonly known simply as the Red Cross. Other alternatives get CPR certified include the ambulance service and local community or technical colleges.
The competency-based instruction of these courses focuses on providing students with practical skills and hands-on competencies. The courses to get CPR certified typically extend over three to four hours. They cover a range of topics including the chain of survival, assessment of the situation, structured DRSABCD approach, performing CPR, how to use an automated external defibrillator, caring for unconscious patients, techniques for infants and children (as well as adults), CPR in special conditions, control of infection and standard reporting practices.
Assessment To Get CPR Certified Assessment of student competency is ongoing throughout the instruction period to get CPR certified and usually includes short quizzes. On successful completion of the course, accredited training organizations provide course participants with a formal Statement of Attainment that confirms the certification of each individual. There are usually no prerequisites for the basic course to get CPR certified.
The DRSABCD Framework
The structured DRSABCD approach identifies a seven-step process to guide the provider of CPR treatment. The framework is recognized around the world and emphasizes dangers, responsiveness, send for help, open airways, normal breathing, start compressions, and finally apply an electronic defibrillator (AED) if available and necessary. CPR is to be continued until responsiveness or normal breathing by the patient returns. This framework is sometimes described as, or represented by, the basic life support flow chart. A brief description of this framework may be helpful to those wishing to get CPR certified.
Check For Dangers
The first task for the first aider is to check for dangers. This is step D. The aim is to ensure that the treatment zone is free of hazards and that there is no risk to the safety of the patient, the treatment provider or any other persons present.
Second, check if the patient is responsive. This is step R. It requires verifying whether the patient responds to voice prompts or other stimuli. The objective is to determine if the patient has lapsed into unconsciousness since that condition complicates the treatment. In an unconscious person, the absolute top priority is the airway.
For example, an unconscious patient is not unable to cough out vomit or any other foreign materials from their airway. Moreover, in an unconscious patient, all the muscles are relaxed. If the victim is lying flat on their back, the tongue falls against the back wall of the throat and blocks air from travelling to the lungs. Other soft throat tissue may exacerbate the blockage.
Call For AssistanceThird, send or call for assistance. This is step S. This can exclude medical professionals, resuscitation experts, ambulance officers or any other resources. It is important not to leave the patient unattended until breathing is sustainably restored.
The first responder should make sure that the airway of the patient (mouth and throat) is not obstructed. This is step A. Loose dentures should be removed; tight fitting dentures may be left in place. Vomit, food, blood and secretions are common sources of airway obstruction. The patient need not as a matter of routine procedure be rolled onto their side to assess their airway and breathing.
If the airway is obstructed and the patient is conscious, the patient should be encouraged to lie on their side and cough until the blockage is resolved. If the throat airway is obstructed and the patient is unconscious, the first aider should apply up to five back blows and-or up to five chest thrusts to resolve the blockage. If the patient is unconscious, first aiders should not attempt to induce vomiting. They may use their fingers to remove foreign materials. Once the blockage is removed, it is recommended to lie the patient flat, back to ground, and tilt their head (not the neck) tilted back slightly with their mouth open and pointed down.
Check if the patient is breathing normally. This is step B. It was once recommended that if breathing was impeded, the first aider should apply two rescue breaths into the mouth of the patient. This rescue breathing is not now recommended; it is no longer necessary to apply rescue breathing at this point.
At this stage first aiders apply 30 compressions to patients who are unresponsive and not breathing normally, followed by two breaths. This is step C. If the first aider is unable or unwilling to perform rescue breathing, the first aider should simply continue with the compressions.
The first aider applies an AED as soon as available. This is step D. The AED is a smart device; it will prompt the first aider to move through the appropriate sequence of steps. Once breathing recommences, the patient can lie on their side with appropriate head tilt. A desire to understand how to use an AED is, for many people, a key reason why they get CPR certified.
To get CPR certified is easier than many people think. Many training organizations are equipped to provide the necessary competency-based instruction. Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation can make a real life-or-death difference.